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An illustration of the hands of two different people stacking wooden blocks. Instead of featuring letters or numbers, the blocks are emblazoned with abstract symbols that evoke hybrid work: a mug of tea, a pie chart, a home, three people sitting around a conference table, an artist’s palette, a lightbulb, and map coordinates.

A note on the WorkLab Guides:

Hybrid work is a work in progress—and no one has all the answers. At Microsoft, we take a learn-it-all approach, looking to the data and research where we can; talking to our customers; and learning from our own employees as well. We’ve informed these guides with as much data and research as possible. But there’s still much to learn—and we’re committed to share new insights and discoveries as we go.

This guide covers the best way to approach five different types of hybrid meetings.

Great meetings are the bedrock of a thriving organization. But our data shows that today’s employees expect to be able to meet from anywhere—the office, their home, in a coffee shop, or on the subway. And they need to meet less.

The problem: Since February 2020, the average Microsoft Teams user saw a 252 percent increase in their weekly meeting time, and the number of weekly meetings has increased by 153 percent.

Consider research from Microsoft’s Human Factors Lab, which demonstrates how back-to-backs cause stress and fatigue , and the link between too many meetings and a human energy crisis becomes clear.

Make meetings count: It starts with designing meetings intentionally—considering each step before, during, and after the meeting to maximize effectiveness and value.

Here’s your guide to five types of hybrid meetings—and how to get each of them right.

Five Types of Hybrid Meetings

This chart outlines the five types of meetings and makes recommendations on whether they should prioritize in-person, whether they benefit from being synchronous or asynchronous, and what type of meeting space is ideal. For the “brainstorm” meeting type, you don’t need to prioritize in-person, the mode can be sync or async, and the ideal type of space is an open collaboration space or enhanced meeting room, For the “discuss & decide” meeting type, you don’t need to prioritize in-person, the mode can be sync or async, and the ideal type of space is a medium or large conference room. For the “design & create” meeting type, you don’t need to prioritize in-person, the mode can be sync or async, and the ideal type of space is a focus room or open collaboration space. For the “one-on-one connect” meeting type, the style to prioritize is in-person, the mode should by sync, and the ideal type of space is a small conference room or focus room. For the “team building & bonding” meeting type, the style to prioritize is in-person, the mode should be sync, and the ideal type of space is an enhanced meeting room or open collaboration space.

Meeting Type: Brainstorm

Can it Be Asynchronous? Potentially
Style to Prioritize: In-person

The key to any great brainstorm: Create an atmosphere where people can freely throw out their thoughts without the pressure to be right.

The need: It’s all about psychological safety, and that is harder to build in hybrid without the non-verbal cues that support turn-taking during in-person team time. But hybrid brainstorms have a key upside: anyone—busy executives, creative luminaries—can more easily beam in.

Have Better Hybrid Brainstorms

  • Think Big
    Who is a great “get” for this hybrid brainstorm who would otherwise be unavailable? Who will bring a fresh perspective or skillset?

  • Provide a Warm-up
    Send a pre-read and some idea-generating exercises in advance to remote attendees that they can submit via video or writing.

  • Check Your Tech
    Before the meeting, position the camera so everyone can see the whiteboard. And use Whiteboard in Teams to give everyone a shared doc in which to write, draw, and share images or emojis.

  • Foster Trust
    Be intentional about building a positive and supportive atmosphere so that people can be vulnerable in sharing ideas and outside-the-box thinking.

  • Mind the Chat
    Every meeting should have a dedicated note taker to capture insights and ideas, but all participants can use Teams live chat to capture thoughts and contribute ideas.

  • Summarize
    When you share a thoughtful follow-up, you capture critical creative breakthroughs and show participants that you value their time and energy. Don’t forget to include the meeting recording and transcript.

Meeting Type: Discuss & Decide

Can it Be Asynchronous? Potentially
Style to Prioritize: Hybrid

Decision-making meetings usually need to be synchronous, as they require the group to work through challenges together, and they can often be hybrid.

Keep “Discuss & Decide Meetings” on Track

  • Seek Out Diverse Perspectives

    • Ensure key stakeholders are present and available.

    • Consider including invitees that may not be part of the decision-making process but can offer unique points of view and insights—a new-to-the-workforce employee, a leader from another team, or a trusted external partner.

  • Share a Structured Agenda
    A lively discussion can quickly get off track.

    • Include a target length of time for each section.

    • When no one is presenting slides, keep the agenda on-screen to remind everyone of the topics of discussion and the decisions that need to be made.

  • Prepare a Proposal
    To focus the meeting, share a preliminary draft of a solution or plan that people can react to and improve upon.

  • Define the Decision-making Process
    Does everyone need to agree? Does a majority need to agree? Who has veto power? Do votes and potential objections need to be recorded?

  • Review Proposal and Seek Inputs
    Before implementing a decision, give attendees a chance to weigh in on the proposal and an action plan. Proactively seek out diverse perspectives during the discussion.

  • Document the Decision Once feedback is incorporated, create and provide a detailed record of decisions, responsibilities, and actions.

Meeting Type: Design & Create

Can it Be Asynchronous? Yes
Style to Prioritize: Hybrid

Projects in which people divide tasks and complete them independently can still require check-ins, standup meetings, and ad hoc syncs to align and solve problems and unlock new ideas.

The right mindset: Be intentional about these meetings—they can sometimes be replaced by a request for status updates in a chat channel, or by notes or flags shared in a collaborative document.

Make Every Standup a Useful Standup

These check-ins are a chance for everyone on the team to discuss problems or blockers and call out creative opportunities. Here’s how to make them effective.

  • Cadence
    Experiment to determine the cadence that hits the right balance—you want to preserve focus time while making sure everyone stays in sync.

    • Start with biweekly. If that’s too infrequent, move to weekly, then daily, and so on.

  • Reliability
    Stick with the same time of day or week, and prioritize it.

    • Standups start to really frustrate people when the team lead moves them around all the time.

  • Duration
    You want to keep it moving and keep it short—any thorny issues that emerge should be dealt with offline or in another meeting.

  • Dependencies
    Who is waiting on whom for what so they can accomplish their next task?

  • Necessity
    Does this meeting still need to happen? Or is the team just going through the paces? Be ruthless about ending a recurring meeting that no longer serves your team.

Meeting Type: 1:1 Connect

Can it Be Asynchronous? No
Style to Prioritize: In-person

Data shows that in flexible models, regular connects between employees and their managers build resilience and foster a culture of trust —especially when it comes to new hires.

Have Effective 1:1s

  • Start Today
    A study from Microsoft’s Workplace Analytics  team found that it’s never too late to create a new norm around having longer and more frequent one-on-ones—it actually helped to keep employee workloads manageable.

  • Use Viva Insights for Managers
    Features in “My Team” will prompt you to schedule time to connect with your team, among other useful reminders and insights.

  • Show You Care
    At Microsoft, we embrace a management framework of “Model, Coach, Care.” And in the pandemic we learned just how critical the “care” component was.

    • To reinforce that you care about people, show up to syncs on time and refrain from rescheduling if possible.

  • Make Space
    It’s easy to turn one-on-one syncs into working sessions, but this is your time to put the person before the work.

    • Ask curious questions about how people are doing, what they need, and how you can support their career goals.

  • Personalize It
    You can’t apply a one-size-fits-all approach to one-on-ones. An approach that energizes Jamal may exhaust Mary.

    • Workplace experts like Frances Frei point out that remote employees may need more one-on-one time.

    • With each individual, experiment with cadence, approach, duration, and location to hone in on the most effective approach.

Meeting Type: Team Building & Bonding

Can it Be Asynchronous? No
Style to Prioritize: In-person

Team building is about becoming more efficient, effective problem solvers together. Team bonding is about creating trust and building social capital .

  • Key Idea:  And both actions are important: employees who have thriving relationships with their immediate team members report  better wellbeing and higher productivity.

    • To learn more about designing a team on-site, check out this guide .

  • Org-wide meetings  intended to build social capital and communicate company culture should be synchronous, and leaders should encourage in-person attendance when possible.

    • Occasional off-site events are an option, but so is designating a single day of the month on which as many people as possible come to the office.

  • For team meetings,  an hour is a good time frame, but bonding activities can be as short as 15 minutes.

    • A gathering of almost any size can serve to build social capital, although care must be taken to be inclusive so that no one feels left out.

    • Leaders will need to leverage their creativity and sensitivity to design experiences that are enjoyable for everyone.

Organizing Effective Team-building and Bonding Exercises:

  • Think about what outcome you’d like to achieve. Want people to get to know each other better? Want them to tackle unique, fun challenges and work together in novel ways?

  • Consider activities that allow employees to share something they’ve learned with the team. It’s informative for everyone and develops communication skills for the presenter.

  • Encourage , rather than require, attendance by making events enticing in the first place. (As Microsoft CVP Jared Spataro points out in this recent keynote , free food can go a long way.)

  • Find times that don’t disadvantage parents or other people with evening obligations and think beyond happy-hour drinks—trivia challenges and other games are more inclusive ice breakers.

  • Go first when it’s time to share or contribute something personal to encourage others to participate.

  • Look for opportunities to pair up employees who don’t normally work together. Ask them to gather info about each other and then share it with the group.


Flexibility is a cornerstone of this new era of work, and optimal meeting arrangements won’t always be possible. But it’s helpful to know what approaches are most likely to yield the best results, and to strive for an ideal form of collaboration.